15th Overseas Indian Conference
15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas was held in Varanasi from 21st to 23rd January. This year, Pravasi Bhartiya Divas is organized every year on January 9, but this time it was organized in Varanasi in view of the Kumbh running in Prayagraj. Kumbh started on January 15 and the purpose behind organizing Pravasi Bharatiya Divas in Varanasi after the due date was that the Indians living abroad could see the view of Aquarius.
15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
The full session of the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, which lasted three days in Varanasi, was started by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Addressing the concluding session, President Ramnath Kovind addressed and distributed prizes to the Diaspora Indians. Prime Minister of Mauritius Pravind Jagannath joined the Chief Guest as the 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas. This time the theme of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas conference was laid out (Role of Indian Diaspora in Building New India) in the creation of a new India .
Pravasi Bhartiya Teerth Darshan Yojna
- During the inauguration of 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Sammelan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched ‘Overseas Indian Teerth Darshan’ program with 200 NRIs in Varanasi.
- Under this scheme, the central government will travel to all the major pilgrimage sites of India from 45 to 65 age group of migrant Indians.
- The pilgrimage festival will be of 25 days and during this time the government will take all the expenditure including the stay and the meal and food from the devotees.
- Each year, 40 migrant pilgrims will be visited, which can be extended in the coming time.
- An agreement will be made for cooperation with IRCTC for pilgrimage visit.
- The Prime Minister appealed to the migrant guests to link five local people around the area with this plan.
- With this, this plan will enable us to provide more information to the people of the world, and to facilitate tourism development.
Why is the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas celebrated on 9th January?
The celebration of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas was started on January 9, 2003. It is a special matter with this date that in 1915 Mahatma Gandhi returned home from South Africa on this date. Mahatma Gandhi is considered to be India’s largest traveler. There is a small story behind it … In the 18th century, Gujarati traders kept their moves in Kenya, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi as a legal representative of Dada Abdullah Seth of one of these traders, reached the Natal province of South Africa in May 1893. His struggle with apartheid policy and his fight for the honor of the overseas Indian community is well known. In the new and unknown ways of protest like non-violence and satyagraha, they succeeded in their mission. January 9, In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa. This day is celebrated as Pravasi Bhartiya Divas by taking inspiration from their 22 year-old conflict migration.
Purpose of celebrating Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
- Providing a platform for positive dialogue with NRIs, expression of feelings towards India, positive dialogue with the countrymen.
- Making a Network of Overseas Indians in All Countries of the World.
- Linking the younger generation to migrants
- Knowing the difficulties of Indian working class living abroad and trying to overcome them.
- Attract immigrants to India.
- Increasing investment opportunities.
Indigenous Indians participating in the development of India
Overseas Indians take part in the development of the country. Last year, he contributed $ 70 billion to the Indian economy. About 48 million Indians live in 48 countries of the world. Out of these 11 countries, more than 5 lakhs of overseas Indians are present, who represent the average population there and play an important role in determining the economic and political condition and direction of the region. There is a strong base of their economic, educational and professional skills.
In view of this, the Central Government had constituted a committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Laxmil Singhvi, who submitted its report to the government on August 18, 2000. Following the report made by the Overseas Indians, the government started celebrating Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas. The purpose of celebrating this day is to provide a platform for positive dialogue with the people of the country with the expression of their feelings, thoughts and feelings of the diaspora Indians. It also aims to create a network of Overseas Indians in 110 countries of the world.
Programs / schemes being run by the government for NRIs
To resolve the problems of NRIs in 2004, Government of India created separate ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. Today this Ministry has become such a centerpiece, where efforts are made to provide information, participation and simplification on all issues related to migrant Indians. There are four executive services departments of this ministry: 1. Overseas Services, 2. Financial Services, 3. Travel Services and Management Services.
Major Functions of the Ministry
- Making joint working descriptions for NRIs to benefit from the development of India.
- Develop an organization’s spirit for the diaspora and create a plan for setting it up.
- For the participation in the organization, determine the appropriate role of organizations of overseas Indians and organizations working in the country.
- Develop an action plan for active participation by Overseas Indians in development efforts throughout the year and worldwide.
- Increasing national and state level discussions between India and its expatriate citizens
- Enhancing the participation of migrant Indians in the new initiatives to be done in the economic, social and cultural fields.
- Develop capability building programs for the people of Diaspora and future migrants in the states.
Four major principles The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, which works under the policy of strengthening the basic and mutually beneficial relations between the Diaspora Indians, works on the following four principles:
- Presenting solutions specifically designed to meet the aspirations of the Overseas Indian communities.
- To bring specialization in the plans for relations with the Diaspora Indians.
- Using the capabilities of migratory communities in the field of knowledge and resources.
- Focusing on all programs related to migrants in the states
Major schemes being run for overseas Indians
- Know India program
- Study program of india
- Scholarship Program for Overseas Children
- Legal / Financial Assistance Scheme for Abandoned / Divorced Indian Women by Overseas Indian Husbands
- Discovering root roots
- Mahatma Gandhi Overseas Protection Scheme
- Migrant Indian Insurance Scheme
Celebration of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas so far
- 2003 First Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2004 Second Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2005 Third Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Mumbai
- 2006 Fourth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Hyderabad
- 2007 5th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2008 Sixth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2009 Satwant Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Chennai
- 2010 Eighth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2011 Ninth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2012 Tenth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Jaipur
- 2013 Eleventh Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Kochi (Kerala)
- 2014 Twelfth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, New Delhi
- 2015 thirteen Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Gandhinagar
- 2016 is not organized
- Fourteenth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Bangalore
- 2018 Regional Pravasi Bharatiya Divas, Singapore
At present, the diversity of Indian expatriates is more than ever. Millions of people of Indian origin are involved in various activities in almost every country of the world. In view of all this, the Government of India assumes that the migrants are trained, safe and migrated with confidence. Overseas Indians are with us in the development journey of India. Events such as Pravasi Bhartiya Divas identify the Indians as a family member with shared history and culture. Educated and self-reliant overseas Indian communities can play a major role in nation building and community involvement can help multilateralism.