Changing Things in Afghanistan and India’s Concerns
Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, who recently came to India to participate in the Raisina Dialogue, offered mediation between India and the Taliban. Iran proposes that if India wants, it can help in starting a dialogue with the Taliban. In today’s situation, this is an important proposal in front of the troubled India, once again the Taliban strongness in Afghanistan.
Concerns of Iran and India are almost the same
Iran has told India that he has opened the dialogue with Taliban and if India wants it, he can help. Of course, in view of the circumstances, Iran has started talking directly to the Taliban, but it is also true that the relations between the Taliban and Iran are also very bitter. Iran has consistently been accusing the Taliban of promoting terrorist activities in its Sistani province adjacent to Afghanistan.
India does not support dialogue with Taliban
India’s constant refusal to negotiate with the Taliban’s hesitant attitude and its Pakistani repute. But India has widespread interest in Afghanistan and India has made huge investments in many development projects there. Therefore whenever whenever there is any attempt for peace in Afghanistan, there is pressure on India to join it. Recently, when the conversation between the US and Russia was discussed by the Taliban, India’s Chief of the Army General Bipin Rawat said that our interests have been linked to Afghanistan and we can not separate from it. But no dialogue with the Taliban should be unconditional.
It has always been the policy of India that such efforts should be done in Afghan-led, Afghan-owned and Afghan-controlled and partnering with Afghanistan Government.
India had refused to recognize the Taliban rule of 1996-2001. India has been providing assistance to anti-Taliban forces in Afghanistan.
In the 1990s, India also provided military and financial assistance to the Northern Alliance who fought the Pakistan-sponsored Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
During 2006-07, the Taliban once again stood up and became a challenge for the US Army. But India maintained distance from the Taliban.
Significantly, after the meeting in Moscow, the Indian Foreign Ministry had said that we had no compulsion to join. Joining it at the non-government level was our thought-provoking decision. When did we say that there would be dialogue with the Taliban? We also did not say that the Taliban would be negotiating India.
India had joined non-officially in ‘Moscow format’
The efforts that are being made to include the Taliban in peace restoration of the leadership of Russia are now being accepted by most of the countries.
In this context, India had also joined in the talks held in Russia in November last year, but India did not send any of its senior officials to participate in this meeting.
India had joined non-officially in the conference.
This was the first time that India shared a platform with the Taliban. Behind the fear of India, it was this that the pro-Pakistan faction was still the strongest in the Taliban.
Afghanistan also did not join directly in ‘Moscow format’ and the Afghan government had sent an independent delegation to Moscow, while some of the most senior Taliban leaders had reached Moscow from Qatar to participate in it.
This was the first meeting after the boycott of the Taliban government in 2001, in which supporters of Peace Restoration in Afghanistan participated in talks with the Taliban.
India’s official policy of Afghanistan is not going to be included with the Taliban.
The US, Russia, Iran and Pakistan have always been in talks with the Taliban.
Talks were also held in Qatar and Abu Dhabi
Peace talks between Qatar and America between the US and Afghan Taliban; The officials of the Afghan government could not join the Taliban’s protest. There was a demand to include the Afghan government in this negotiation, but the Taliban did not agree to it. Earlier, in Pakistan’s mediation, the talks between the Taliban and the US were discussed in Abu Dhabi. In this dialogue, Afghan officials also joined the delegates from Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and United Arab Emirates.
Who is the Taliban?
The Taliban is the language of Pashto language, which means ‘student’.The rise of the Taliban occurred in northern Pakistan in the 1990s, when the Soviet army had returned from Afghanistan. After the Soviet Union left Afghanistan from the late 1980s, there was a conflict between several factions and people were troubled by the mujahideen. In the circumstances when the Taliban emerged, the Afghan people welcomed it. But the Taliban emerged in 1994 under the leadership of Pashtun on the Afghanistan scene. Before this, the Taliban was limited to religious ceremonies or madarsas, Most of the money was from Saudi Arabia. Gradually, the Taliban began to increase its control in Afghanistan and took the Burhanuddin Rabbani government out of power and captured Kabul, Afghanistan’s capital. By 1998, the Taliban had control over about 90 percent of Afghanistan. But after 9/11, the Taliban had almost been wiped out in the action of the US military in Afghanistan and the power there was in the hands of the liberals. But for the past some time, the Taliban regime has increased in Afghanistan and it has also strengthened in Pakistan.
What is the attitude of India in the changed circumstances?
US Special Representative Jalmai Khaliljad has come to India to remove the fears of India suspected of an increasing role of the Taliban in Afghanistan. Apart from India, he is going to visit Afghanistan, Pakistan and China too. It is believed that it is the largest effort by the United States to create a new regime involving the Taliban in future Afghanistan.
Here, India has also begun high level talks with other countries, showing diplomatic activism on the rapidly changing situation in Afghanistan. Russia, which is trying to improve the situation in Afghanistan, is also considering the role of India. Russia believes that India’s role in Afghanistan’s solution can not be ignored.
It is noteworthy that the first step towards transforming power in Afghanistan and giving a bigger role to the Taliban was initiated only under Russia’s leadership. Later, China was also involved in this. After refusing for a long time, the US has also initiated the initiative to include the Taliban in the negotiations. In such a situation, India has to co-ordinate in this process from both sides.
Recently, Afghanistan’s former President Hamid Karzai, while addressing the Raisina Dialogue, also said that India needs to play an active role in the process initiated under Russia and the US. India should try not only with these two countries, but also at its own level to restore peace in Afghanistan. Without India, no peace process will be completed there.
Just as Pakistan’s permanent agenda in Afghanistan is to make its strategic reach there, in the same way the permanent goals of India are also clear- millions of dollars spent in development in Afghanistan can not be wasted, friendly government in Kabul, Iran-Afghan border Access to stay uninterrupted and continue to work on the consulate there. If India also has to make some changes in its diplomacy to protect this agenda, then it should not be left behind, because this is the demand of the time.