Global Housing Technology Challenge-India: Everyone up to 2022
Recently, Union Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri introduced the Global Housing Technique Challenge, i.e. Global Housing Technology Challenge-India in Delhi . Under this, the government will make the house in record time with the best technology in the world. In the Global Housing Technology Challenge, the government is working towards making the house in three months. This will reduce the cost of production over time. It does not have to wait for years. This will help to overcome issues related to housing shortage. Under this, the home made will be better than the environment as well as in terms of disaster management.
The concept of Global Housing Technology Challenge-India has been made to bring significant changes in the manufacturing sector in the country.
It will also change the way in which housing construction changes with a change in technical concept.
All stakeholders, technology providers, developers involved in the building industry will participate in this challenge.
Three Ingredients of Challenge
Conducting / organizing grand expo-cum-conference
Identifying Certified Exhibition Technologies Across the World
Encouraging potential technologies by setting up incubation centers in select IITs
What is Global Housing Technology Challenge-India?
Its main purpose is to find capable, environmentally friendly, economical and quick construction technologies to overcome new disasters.
It also emphasizes the best use of resources and environment friendly practices.
The change in technology transfer has been drawn to tackle the challenge of building housing at a minimum time and cost.
It is also involved in achieving innovative manufacturing technologies available through the challenging process globally.
It will endeavor to make available housing available for short term and good quality construction including short term stay.
Under this, futuristic technologies will also be encouraged to create suitable environment for research and development in the country.
Technology and technology transfer will be done keeping the SDG in mind
This transfer will contribute towards achieving the United Nations-defined Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), implementing the new urban agenda and the Paris Climate Agreement. The goal of Alternative, Innovative and Fast Track technologies is as follows:
Conservation of natural resources
Use of industrial and construction waste
Decrease in air and noise pollution
Best use of water
Increasing labor productivity
Safe house to recover from disaster
All weather season friendly
This kind of technology transfer will help the country to equal lanes in the world’s advanced economies and construction sector in line with their exact criteria.
Prime Minister’s Accommodation Scheme-Urban
Ministry of Union Housing and Urban Affairs is implementing the Prime Minister’s Housing Scheme- UrbanMission to provide all eligible beneficiaries ‘suitable houses’ for all weather seasons by 2022 .
Originally this scheme was created to provide accommodation to the lower economic class and low income group. After one year, the middle income group was added to it by expanding its scope.
As many as 7.7 million houses have been sanctioned till date by 2022, of which about 37 lakh houses have been constructed, compared to the target of building nearly one crore houses.
Completing the construction work of nearly 15 lakh houses has been allocated to the beneficiaries.
This scheme is being implemented in all 4041 cities and towns of all 29 states and 7 Union Territories.
Who can benefit?
The annual income for the lower economic class should be between Rs. 3 lakh and the annual income for low income group between 3 lakh and 6 lakhs. In addition to this, people earning between Rs. 6 lakh and 12 lakhs and 12 to 18 lakh rupees per year can also take advantage of this scheme. But if there is a permanent house in the country in the name of your husband or wife or child then the benefit of this scheme can not be obtained.
Government gives subsidy
Credit Linked subsidy is one of the key aspects of this scheme, which aims at helping people of low income, lower economic class and middle income groups to take their accommodation. Under this scheme, people earning Rs 6 lakh annually can get a home loan up to Rs 6 lakh. The government gives subsidy of 6% at the interest rate of this loan. People with annual income of 12 lakh rupees can get up to 9 lakh rupees. The government gives a subsidy of 4 percent on the loan rate of this loan. For people aged between 12 and 18 lakh, income can be upto Rs. 12 lakhs. The government offers a discount of 3% in this loan interest rate.
Increasing population is a major cause of housing problem
According to the 2011 census, India’s population has been estimated at 121 crores. Between 2001 and 2011, 18.1 crore new population was added to the country.
India’s share in the world’s total population is 17.5 percent, while India has only 2.4 percent of the world’s total land.
According to official statistics, there is a shortage of about two and a half million houses in the country. Due to lack of houses in cities, slum settlements are increasing rapidly. The most slums in the world are in India.
In 2009, out of 30 million people living in 400 big cities of the country, more than 60 million people live in about 52 thousand slums.
According to the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO), lack of basic infrastructure in most of the country’s residential units.
Need for planned coordinated efforts
There has clearly marked increase in urbanization in the country and by 2031, most of the public will be living in villages and towns instead of villages. Therefore, in order to deal with their problems, there is
a need for joint arrangements and efforts for drinking water and sanitation, access to commuters and market access and many facilities / services like best educational and health. For this, cities will have to work as centers for the surrounding rural areas. But it is also decided that until the quantity changes in quality, the demographic dividend we are anticipating will remain the same.
The growing population is also increasing the housing problem of the country. Due to lack of housing, crores of people of the country are deprived of this fundamental facility. Roti and cloth are provided easily, but their roof becomes a dream for them throughout life. It is believed that there will be a revolutionary change in the building sector from Global Housing Technology Challenge-India and it will help in strategies to overcome issues related to housing short term in a time bound manner.